Struggling to conceive can be a very distressing experience for couples, full of self-doubt and a range of emotions. But infertility affects a significant number of couples, with one in seven experiencing difficulty in conceiving.

While there are various causes of infertility, including ovulation problems, endometriosis, and poor sperm quality, there are also numerous available fertility treatments that can increase the chances of conception.

In this article, we will explore the different causes of fertility problems and the various medical treatments available to boost fertility. We will also discuss lifestyle changes that may help increase the likelihood of conceiving naturally.

We will delve into assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF, egg donation and surrogacy options for those who require them. By understanding the potential causes of unexplained infertility and seeking professional advice from healthcare providers, individuals can take proactive steps towards achieving their goal of starting or expanding their family.

dos and donts when trying for a baby

Key Takeaways

  • Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive despite regular unprotected sex, and can be caused by a variety of factors including lack of regular ovulation, poor quality semen, blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis, age, weight, STIs, smoking, alcohol, environmental factors, and stress.
  • There are various treatments available for infertility, including medical treatment for lack of regular ovulation, surgical procedures for endometriosis, fallopian tube repair, or removal of adhesions, and assisted conception such as IUI or IVF. However, these treatments can be expensive and there is no guarantee of success.
  • Lifestyle changes such as weight loss, cutting down on caffeine, quitting smoking and alcohol, and avoiding drugs can improve infertility, and medical treatments can also improve chances of getting pregnant.
  • If you are struggling to conceive, it is important to see a GP if you are over 36, have a known fertility issue, irregular or no periods, or concerned about medical problems. Eligibility for NHS-funded fertility treatment varies across the UK, and waiting lists for treatment can be very long in some areas.

Understanding the Causes of Infertility

The causes of infertility are varied and include ovulation problems, endometriosis, poor egg quality, PCOS, fallopian tube problems, poor sperm quality and age-related factors. Understanding the specific cause of infertility is crucial in seeking appropriate medical treatment and improving chances of successful and healthy pregnancy.

Causes exploration may involve evaluating hormonal imbalances, genetic factors, male infertility issues or female infertility issues. Environmental influences and psychological factors may also play a role in stopping you conceive naturally. It is important to note that alternative therapies should not be seen as a substitute for medical treatment.

Age related infertility is a common issue that affects both men and women. Women experience a decline in fertility after reaching their mid-30s while men experience declining sperm quality with age. Fertility preservation may be an option for those who wish to delay conception due to personal or medical reasons. Seeking professional advice from healthcare professionals is recommended for anyone struggling to conceive.

Husband and wife in an infertlity clinic
Couples can visit a fertility specialist for more information

Seeking Professional Advice and Diagnosis

Consulting with a healthcare professional is crucial for individuals experiencing difficulty in achieving pregnancy, as they can provide an accurate diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment options based on the underlying cause of infertility.

Timing intercourse, fertility testing, and seeking specialist help are essential steps to take when seeking advice from a healthcare professional. It is important for both partners to attend appointments, as male fertility issues can also contribute to difficulties in conceiving.

Along with physical examinations and tests for female fertility issues such as hormonal imbalances or endometriosis, age-related infertility should be considered.

Psychological support can be beneficial during this time of stress and uncertainty, as well as alternative therapies such as acupuncture or yoga. Coping with infertility is challenging but having a supportive network and open communication with healthcare professionals can improve the chances of conceiving.

Lifestyle Changes to Boost Fertility

Implementing healthy lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and reducing stress levels, may positively impact and affect fertility outcomes for individuals experiencing trouble conceiving.

Some dietary changes that may improve fertility include increasing protein intake, consuming more whole grains and vegetables, and reducing processed food consumption.

Exercise routines that are moderate in intensity and frequency have been shown to improve fertility outcomes by regulating hormone production and improving blood flow to reproductive organs.

Additionally, lifestyle factors like managing stress levels through techniques such as mindfulness meditation or therapy can decrease cortisol levels which can negatively impact fertility.

Sleep hygiene is also important for optimal reproductive health since lack of sleep can disrupt hormonal balance leading to irregular ovulation or low sperm count.

Fertility supplements such as folic acid or omega-3 fatty acids may help increase the likelihood of conception while acupuncture therapy has been shown to improve blood flow to the uterus and ovaries.

Yoga practice has also been linked with improved fertility outcomes due to its ability to reduce stress levels while herbal remedies such as maca root or chasteberry have been used for centuries in traditional medicine for their supposed benefits on reproductive health.

Finally, environmental factors such as exposure to toxins found in plastics or pesticides should be minimized whenever possible since these chemicals have been linked with decreased sperm quality and hormonal imbalances.

Ultimately, implementing these lifestyle changes can lead not only to improved chances of conception but overall better health outcomes for both partners involved.

woman injecting herself for ivf treatment

Medical Treatments for Infertility

Medical treatments for infertility are aimed at addressing the underlying causes of difficulty conceiving. Fertility medications, such as Clomifene and Gonadotrophins, are commonly used to stimulate ovulation in women with irregular periods or anovulation. Hormonal therapy can also be used to regulate menstrual cycles and improve fertility. Surgical interventions, such as endometrial ablation or tubal ligation reversal, may be recommended for women with uterine abnormalities or blocked fallopian tubes.

Assisted conception methods include in vitro fertilization (IVF) which involves fertilizing eggs outside of the body before transferring them into the uterus. IVF success rates depend on various factors such as age, number of embryos transferred, and cause of infertility. Sperm retrieval procedures may be necessary for men who have low sperm counts or poor sperm quality.

Egg donation process is another option that may help couples struggling with infertility due to poor egg quality. Surrogacy options are available for those who cannot carry a pregnancy themselves due to medical conditions or other reasons. Treatment options vary depending on the individual’s specific circumstances and should be discussed with a healthcare provider specializing in fertility issues.

Artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization

Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Options for Conception

Assisted reproductive technologies, including in vitro fertilization and egg donation, offer options for individuals or couples who are experiencing difficulty with conception due to factors such as age, poor sperm or egg quality, or medical conditions. Fertility clinics provide a range of treatments and services that can help people achieve their goal of starting a family.

Here are some key considerations:

1. IVF success rates vary depending on the woman’s age and fertility clinic.

2. Donor options include using donor eggs or sperm for individuals who have genetic issues or same-sex couples.

3. Surrogacy benefits those who cannot carry a pregnancy due to medical reasons, but it is an expensive option.

Other options to consider include adoption versus IVF and the cost considerations associated with each choice. Emotional support is also available through counselling services at fertility clinics for those struggling with infertility. LGBTQ+ fertility is another area where many clinics now specialize in providing inclusive care that meets the unique needs of this community. The egg freezing process is also an option for women who want to delay childbirth until later in life when they feel more financially stable or emotionally ready to start a family.

Ultimately, there are many paths towards building a family, and assisted reproductive technologies offer hope to those struggling with infertility.


In conclusion, struggling to conceive can be a challenging experience for couples. However, with the help of medical professionals and various fertility treatments, the chances of conceiving can increase significantly.

Understanding the causes of infertility, seeking professional advice and diagnosis, making lifestyle changes to boost fertility, and exploring medical treatments such as medication or surgery are all viable options.

Assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may also be considered if other methods do not work.

It is essential to remember that each couple’s situation is unique, and finding the right treatment requires patience and perseverance. By taking proactive steps towards addressing infertility issues and seeking appropriate support from healthcare providers, couples can increase their chances of achieving a successful pregnancy.